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What exactly is plastic surgery?

“Plastic surgery” is derived from the Greek word “plastikos,” which means “to shape” or “to mold.” It is a collection of procedures that alter specific areas of your body. Examples include the face, neck, breasts, stomach, arms, and legs. Although “reconstructive plastic surgery” and “cosmetic surgery” appear synonymous, they refer to two distinct types of procedures.

Why is Plastic surgery performed?

Plastic surgery can be used to repair the following:

  • Birthmarks, cleft lip and palate, webbed fingers, and congenital heart defects are congenital abnormalities.
  • Face or breast regions affected by the removal of cancerous tissue
  • Severe burns or other severe injuries
  • Plastic surgery can frequently help people improve their self-esteem, confidence, and overall quality of life.

What are the risk factors involved?

All surgeries carry risks. Plastic and reconstructive surgery are complicated. They may change sensitive structures near major organs or delicate tissue. Cosmetic procedures can alter healthy body parts. Complications depend on many factors. Surgery type, health history, and smoking are examples. Surgery and recovery can cause complications. The main risk is not getting the desired result.

Other risks associated with plastic surgery include:

  • Scarring is not normal.
  • Clots form in the blood.
  • Loss of blood.
  • Anesthesia complications, such as respiratory problems during your procedure.
  • Fluid accumulation (edema).
  • Infection.
  • Neuropathy is caused by nerve damage.
  • Scarring that interferes with natural movement.
  • Wounds and incisions that take longer to heal than anticipated.

What are the various kinds of plastic surgery?

  1. Reconstructive surgery corrects defects or injuries caused by trauma. It also restores function and a more natural appearance. 
    This type of surgery may be required if you have the following:
    • Webbed fingers, cleft lip and palate, and other congenital disabilities.
    • Burns.
    • Certain diseases, such as head and neck cancer and breast cancer.
    • Scars that limit natural movement.
    • Severe injuries, such as large cuts or tears in the skin.

The following are examples of common types of reconstructive plastic surgery:

  • Congenital disability repair
  • Lip and palate deformity.
  • Congenital hand variations.
  • Craniosynostosis.
  • Hypospadias.
  • Microtia.
  • Breast surgery
  • Breast enlargement.
  • Breast lift (mastopexy) firms and raises the breasts.
  • Breast reduction surgery.
  • Face and neck surgeries
  • Lift your brows.
  • Lifting the cheeks.
  • Facelift.
  • Surgery to remove a double chin.
  • Rhinoplasty.
  • Body fat reduction and muscle building
  • Abdominoplasty (tummy tuck) (tummy tuck).
  • Body shaping.
  • Surgery on the upper eyelids (blepharoplasty).
  • Liposuction.


  • Cosmetic surgery improves one’s appearance for reasons other than health. This group of procedures addresses physical characteristics that cause you to be self-conscious. Cosmetic surgery can help you achieve your ideal body image.
    This type of surgery alters characteristics such as:
    • Shape.
    • Size.
    • Symmetry produces excellent reflection between two similar body parts, such as the breasts.

What are the benefits of plastic surgery?

The advantages of cosmetic or reconstructive surgery outweigh the associated risks. There are numerous benefits to pursuing these procedures, including the following:

  • Better life quality.
  • Improved self-esteem and body image.
  • Improved safety, such as improved vision after removing excess eyelid skin.
  • A more natural look.
  • After correcting defects that make moving difficult, patients experience pain relief and increased independence.
  • Restored functionality, such as eating solid food following jaw surgery recovery.

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