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What do you understand by Acute Kidney Injury?

When kidneys suddenly stop working to remove waste from the body, a condition known as acute renal injury develops. When kidney function declines, harmful wastes can build up in the body, and the chemical composition of the blood can become unbalanced. Acute renal failure can be reversed in some cases. A return to normal or near-normal kidney function is possible if you are otherwise healthy. Severe Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) can sometimes progress to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). This is common if the AKI has damaged the kidneys significantly. Kidney failure is a possible consequence of chronic renal disease.

Symptoms Observe During Acute Kidney Injury-

  • No symptoms may present in pretty mild cases of AKI.
  • Common symptoms of severe AKI include:
  • Urinating less frequently
  • Swelling in your legs, ankles or feet
  • Feeling weak and exhausted 
  • Feeling like you cannot catch your breath 
  • Feeling nauseated 
  • Experiencing chest discomfort or pressure
  • Loss of consciousness or coma 

How do I know if I have Acute Kidney Injury?

Urine tests-The analysis of a urine sample (urinalysis) may reveal anomalies that indicate kidney failure.

Blood testing- A blood sample may reveal rapidly increasing urea and creatinine levels, two chemicals used to monitor renal function.

Imaging testing- For your doctor to observe your kidneys, they may employ imaging techniques such as ultrasonography and computed tomography.

Obtaining a kidney tissue sample for examination-In certain circumstances, your doctor may recommend a kidney biopsy to extract a small piece of kidney tissue for testing laboratory analysis.

Prevention From Acute kidney injury-

Acute kidney injury is brutal to diagnose and prevent. Nonetheless, leading a healthy lifestyle and properly caring for your kidneys can be helpful.

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